Pawling, NY’s Top 10 Most Common Trees; And How to Maintain and Trim Them

As a tree services company that removes, trims and otherwise maintains trees in the Mid-Hudson Valley and Catskills region, we are deeply familiar with all of the common concerns and nuances about different kinds of trees in our area. One resource for studying this are tree inventories, which are professional surveys done by municipalities to tally up and plan for all of the trees that they have on public property and along streets and sidewalks.

In 2021, the Town of Pawling in Dutchess County received a $25,900 grant from the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation to conduct their own tree inventory. Below we have compiled the list, along with some tips about each kind of tree.

Whether you live in the Town of Pawling, Dutchess County, or anywhere in the region, and you need tree services, give us a call at 845-331-6782! We can go over all of the options for saving, maintaining or removing your tree, safely and soundly. On to the list:

1. Norway Spruce (Picea Abies) – 250 Trees

Norway Spruce needs to be planted in well-drained soil with full sunlight and ample space to grow, as these trees can reach heights of up to 60 feet with a spread of 25-30 feet. Regular watering is crucial for newly planted trees during the first two years, while mature trees generally thrive on natural rainfall but may need extra watering during extended dry spells. Applying a 2-3 inch layer of mulch around the base, extending to the drip line, helps retain soil moisture, regulate soil temperature, and reduce weed competition. Pruning should be done to remove dead or diseased branches in late winter or early spring before new growth begins, avoiding heavy pruning to prevent tree stress. Although frequent fertilization is not typically necessary, a balanced fertilizer in early spring can aid slow-growing trees or those showing nutrient deficiency. Regular inspection for pests such as spruce spider mites and aphids, and treatment with appropriate insecticides or horticultural oils if detected, is essential

2. Norway Maple (Acer Platanoides) – 206 Trees

This species is adaptable but prefers loamy soils. Water newly planted trees regularly during the first couple of years to establish a strong root system; mature trees typically require less frequent watering unless there is an extended drought. Mulching around the base of the tree helps retain moisture, suppress weeds, and regulate soil temperature. Pruning should be done in late winter or early spring to remove dead or diseased branches and to maintain a desirable shape, but avoid heavy pruning as it can stress the tree. Norway Maples are prone to pests like aphids and diseases such as tar spot and anthracnose; regular inspection and appropriate treatments are important for maintaining tree health. Fertilizing in early spring with a balanced fertilizer can promote healthy growth, particularly if the soil is nutrient-poor.

3. Sugar Maple (Acer Saccharum) – 133 Trees

Plant Sugar Maples in well-drained, slightly acidic soil with full sun to partial shade. Regular watering, especially during dry spells, and annual mulching can help maintain soil moisture and health. Prune in late winter to remove dead or diseased branches and promote a strong structure, and monitor for pests like the Asian longhorned beetle and diseases like tar spot.

4. Black Cherry (Prunus Serotina) – 92 Trees

Black cherry trees love well-drained soil with full sun for optimal growth. Regularly water young trees and mulch to retain soil moisture and reduce weed competition. Prune in late winter to remove dead or diseased branches, and watch for common pests like tent caterpillars and diseases like black knot.

5. Black Locust (Robinia Pseudoacacia) – 74 Trees

These trees enjoy well-drained soil with full sun. Regularly water young trees until established, then reduce frequency as they are drought-tolerant. Prune in late winter to remove dead or damaged branches, and keep an eye out for pests like locust borers and diseases such as leaf spot.

6. Red Maple (Acer Rubrum) – 72 Trees

Red maples are adaptable to different site conditions in moist, well-drained soil, with anything ranging from full sun to partial shade. Regular watering is crucial, especially during dry periods, to maintain healthy growth and vibrant fall foliage. Prune in late winter to remove dead or weak branches, and watch for pests like aphids and diseases such as verticillium wilt.

7. Ash (Fraxinus) – 54 Trees

Ensure that ash trees are planted in well-drained soil with full sun exposure. Regularly monitor for signs of the emerald ash borer, a prevalent pest that can severely damage these trees. To help maintain their health, water deeply during dry spells and prune during the dormant season to remove any dead or diseased branches.

8. Red Oak (Quercus Rubra) – 52 Trees

Plant red oaks in well-drained soil and provide full sun exposure. Water them deeply, especially during dry spells, to help them establish a strong root system. Regularly inspect for signs of pests like oak wilt and prune dead or diseased branches during the dormant season to maintain tree health and structure.

9. Eastern Red Cedar (Juniperus Virginiana) – 38 Trees

These trees thrive in well-drained soil and prefer full sunlight, so it’s crucial to plant them in locations that meet these requirements. Regular pruning helps maintain their shape, promotes air circulation, and reduces the risk of common diseases. Additionally, applying a layer of mulch around the base of the trees annually not only helps retain moisture but also protects them from harsh winter conditions and potential pests.

10. Black Birch (Betula Lenta) – 36 Trees

Black Birch typically thrives in moist, well-drained soils and prefers partial shade to full sun.

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