Red Hook, NY’s 6 Most Common Trees and How to Maintain Them

Both the Town and Village of Red Hook, in New York’s Dutchess County, are certified as “Tree Cities.” They both meet program’s core requirements, which are to maintain a tree board/department, have a tree care laws on the books, dedication of a yearly community forestry budget of at least $2 per resident, and to host an annual Arbor Day observance/proclamation.

The Town of Red Hook has qualified as a Tree City for 17 years running, and as recently as 2022, have held tree planting days to help boost the number of trees in the area.

In 2013, the Town of Red Hook Tree Preservation Commission created a Forestry Management Plan. Some of the tree services that they recommend include:

  • Watering needs – newly planted trees should receive 10 gallons of water a week. Irrigator bags help to water the trees more deeply and evenly.
  • Staking needs – new trees may need to be staked. Stakes should be removed after one year.
  • General health with special attention to invasive insects and diseases such as the Asian
  • Long-horned Beetle and the Emerald Ash Borer.
  • Pruning needs – proper pruning contributes greatly to the structure and vigor of the tree.

The plan also includes an inventory of how many trees of different kinds exist along roads and public areas in the Town of Red Hook, compiled at the time by the DEC Forester for Region 3. Let’s take a look at what they are and what some of the common maintenance tips could be for property owners.

1. Sugar Maple – 114

Excessive use of fertilizer is something to look out for with red maples; but they do well with regular watering and mulching, and are beautiful in the fall.

2. Spruce – 75

A spruce tree is an evergreen that looks distinctive in many contexts. Onlookers notice its tall, pyramid-like shape and droopy branches. They are hardy against many diseases, but keep your eyes peeled for pests like the spruce budworm or spider mites. Read our blog post about the most common tree pests in the Hudson Valley.

3. Pine – 39

Pine trees look very similar to spruce; but on on pine trees, the needles are attached to branches in clusters. With spruce trees, needles are attached individually.

Pines are vulnerable to blister rust. These can appear as pustules on the branches. Pine trees are also sensitive to road salt and air pollution, so placement is a key consideration when planting.

4. Norway Maple – 39

Norway Maples are the top tree in the Town of Poughkeepsie, City of Kingston and the Village of Catskill. They are known to be vulnerable to verticillium wilt, and tar spot. To take care of a Norway Maple is to perform regular check-ups and prunings.

5. Honey Locust – 30

Honey Locusts also appear on our Poughkeepsie, Catskill and Kingston lists. It’s a popular tree for the Mid-Hudson Valley, and people love its delicate, fern-like foliage and ability to adapt to various soil and environmental conditions.

Honey Locust owners should be mindful about common pests like the honeylocust plant bug and spider mites, as well as cankers. Performing inspections, watering your honeylocust properly, and pruning regularly can mitigate these concerns.

6. Red Maple – 25

Sugar Maple’s relative, the Red Maple, is known for creating beautiful foliage in the fall. Regular pruning will remove dead, diseased and crowded branches. Due to the tree’s shallow root system, it’s helpful to mulch regularly around the base to maintain soil moisture and keep the temperature regulated. Red Maples can be okay with a range of soils, but they do best in slightly acidic to neutral soils. Some of their common pests are aphids or scales, and they can be hurt by diseases like anthracnose or verticillium wilt.

Are you a Red Hook property owner who needs help maintaining your trees? Give Expert Tree Service a call at 845-331-6782 to schedule a consultation! Whether it’s Tree removal, tree trimming, tree feeding and cabling, or emergency storm response for your trees, our team has the equipment and expertise to help your trees thrive while ensuring safety.

Will Insurance Cover My Tree Removal?

Here in the mid-Hudson Valley and Catskills region, we can reasonably expect a good amount of snow, ice, rain and wind every winter. Sometimes, because of a combination of weather, pre-existing tree conditions and diseases, and just plain bad luck, you could be dealing with a major incident like a tree falling on your house or your car, causing property damage.

This means that instead of calling us for preventative tree maintenance or planned tree removal, you have an emergency situation that needs a speedy solution. Since tree removal services aren’t cheap, a question that often comes up is, “Will my insurance pay for this?” In this article, we’ll go over what situations you may receive reimbursement for tree removal services, and other situations where you may be on your own.

How much snowfall is there in the Hudson Valley and Catskills region?

To set up the prevalence of this problem, let’s take a look at the annual average snowfall totals for our local community (according to Bestplaces.net)

  • Kingston, NY – 42 inches of snowfall a year
  • Catskill, NY – 44 inches of snowfall a year
  • Ellenville, NY – 43 inches of snowfall a year
  • Poughkeepsie, NY – 41.5 inches of snowfall a year
  • Pine Plains, NY – 52 inches of snowfall a year

Simply put, a regular snow-storm with wind in our region can cause tremendous damage to trees, weighing down limbs and branches as it accumulates or melts, and adding to the already-existing pressures that are on our trees.

How can tree services be paid for by homeowners insurance?

For most homeowners insurance policies, damages caused by a fallen tree can be reimbursed if they meet the following two criteria:

  1. The tree’s falling was due to a “covered peril” event that is spelled out in your policy. These may include ice, freezing rain, lightning, wind, and other natural weather occurrences. If the tree falls in normal weather conditions, due to rot, age, disease, or other factors, it may not be covered.
  2. The damage from the falling tree or limbs must be made to a “covered structure” that is named in your policy

On top of the damages that occurred to your property, the next question is, who pays for the tree removal or remediation? Depending on your specific policy, it may often cover the removal of the fallen tree if it is on the aforementioned “covered structure” or if the tree is in the way of your front door or driveway.

Can tree services be paid for by car insurance?

Generally, car insurance can reimburse you for the financial damage that may occur when a falling object like a tree hits on your car. Just like with homeowners insurance, it may not cover you if the tree falls from usual rot and decay; it has to be an unexpected event. However, unlike with homeowners insurance, it unlikely that your car insurance will pay for the removal of the tree after it falls.

Questions? Is your home or car in danger of being damaged in the next storm? Or has the damage already occurred, and you want to know what to do next? Either way, give us a call at 845-331-6782, and we’ll help you figure out what to do. 

Poughkeepsie, NY’s 12 Most Common Trees and How to Care for Them

These days, it seems like every city in the Mid-Hudson Valley is a certified “Tree City,” meaning it has an authorized Tree Commission, a Tree planning Ordinance, a budget of $2 per capita for trees, and an Arbor Day proclamation and ceremony. However, it was Poughkeepsie that really started the trend in New York State.

Poughkeepsie was the first city in the state to become certified as a Tree City by the Department of Environmental Conservation, all the way back in 1979. Their robust Poughkeepsie Tree Inventory and Community Forest Management Plan are funded by the Urban and Community Forest Program of the DEC; the city’s 12,000 trees are credited with providing shade, improving air quality, reducing stormwater runoff, and beautify Poughkeepsie’s streets and urban environment.

According to the Management Plan, the most common Poughkeepsie tree maintenance services needed are:

  • Tree Pruning
  • Tree Planting
  • Stump Removal
  • Tree Removal

The report says that proper tree maintenance will reduce future costs and increase the longevity of newly planted trees. It also has an entire section with suggestions about how to deal with the growing emerald ash borer infestation that is ravaging the Northeast; the options range from treating all ash trees, removing all of them, or a combination of treatment and removal, with “careful consideration” to determine which trees receive which option.

Here are Poughkeepsie’s most common municipal trees:

1. Norway Maple (Acer Plantanoides) – 1,725 Trees

Just like in the Village of Catskill and City of Kingston, Norway Maple is the #1 tree in the City of Poughkeepsie. These trees may be affected by a disease known as verticillium wilt, and tar spot. These trees are best served by seasonal check-ups and pruning for maximum longevity.

2. Crabapple Species (Malus Floribunda) – 563 Trees

These trees are vulnerable to rust, apple scab and fire blight. Mulching around the base can help them retain moisture and prevent weeds.

3. Japanese Flowering Cherry (Prunus Serrulata) – 440 Trees

Japanese Flowering Cherry trees require lots of sunlight and well-drained soil.

4. Green Ash (Fraxinus Pennsylvania) – 326 Trees

As mentioned earlier, these trees are being heavily affected by the ongoing emerald ash borer epidemic in the Northeast. For trees that are in fair to good health, it’s possible to administer treatments to the tree that will slow the spread of emerald ash borer.

5. Ornamental Pear (Pyrus Calleryana) – 291 Trees

These trees have beautiful spring blossoms and vibrant fall foliage. They thrive in well-draining soil, and can benefit from a balanced, slow-release fertilizer to encourage healthy growth and flowering.

6. Honey Locust (Gleditsia Triacanthos) – 287 Trees

These trees benefit from regular pruning, deep, consistent watering and mulching.

7. Pin Oak (Quercus Palustris) – 258 Trees

Pin oaks don’t require heavy fertilization, but they are vulnerable to pests like caterpillars. Addressing infestations quickly will prolong their life. They also benefit from regular watering to amintain a healthy root system.

8. Littleleaf Linden (Tilia Cordata) – 230 Trees

These trees benefit from consistent moisture in their early years, as well as pruning and shaping during the dormant season. They are vulnerable to aphids and Japanese beetles.

9. Red Maple (Acer Rubrus) – 160 Trees

Too much fertilizer is a bad thing for red maples; they thrive with consistent moisture and mulching, and are gorgeous in the fall.

10. Sugar Maple (Acer Saccarum) – 146 Trees

Sugar maples are very similar to red maples.

11. Eastern Hemlock (Tsuga Candensis) – 116 Trees

Eastern hemlocks benefit from moist, well-drained soil, mulching, pruning. They can do well without fertilization, and are vulnerable to hemlock scale and woolly adelgids. When deer occasionally venture into Poughkeepsie, they love to “browse” trees like eastern hemlocks.

12. Red Oak (Quercus Rubra) – 115 Trees

Red oak trees can use some watering during dry spells, and are also vulnerable to deer browsing.

Hudson Valley Tree Injuries More Likely Due to Invasive Species

Although statistics aren’t kept on the number of injuries and fatalities caused by falling limbs and trees, there’s reason to believe that the risks are on the rise.

According to an expert from the American Hiking Society:

“A lot of forests are suffering, whether it’s from pine beetles, other invasive species, or diseases that are causing trees to die off,” says Trimble. “The likelihood of trees falling down is a much lower possibility when there is a forest full of healthy trees, and there are a lot of unhealthy forests…”

While that quote is referencing forests in California, it’s clear that similar things are happening to us in upstate New York, the Mid-Hudson Valley, and the Catskills. As we covered in a previous blog post, there are many reports of invasives like oriental bitterstweet, the emerald ash borer, the hemlock woolly adelgid, the elongate hemlock scale that are threatening otherwise healthy trees and causing premature disease and death, which in turn can lead to an increase in the risk of falling limbs that cause injuries.

According to one expert from the Cary Institute for Ecosystem Studies, there are only about 15-20 species of tree that are indigenous to the Northeast. A very common one in our area is the ash tree; the emergence of the emerald ash borer since 2010 has led to massive losses. In some areas, there is a death rate of 100%. When a tree is dying or dead, it’s only a matter of time before limbs will fall and risk causing injuries or property damage, not to mention spreading disease to other nearby trees.

According to the Ecological Research Institute, the local fatality rates for ash trees are:

Big Indian: 37%Boiceville: 95%Highland: 98%Kingston: 95%
Margaretville: 43%Malden: 97%Millbrook: 98%Millerton: 10%
Milton: 54%New Paltz: 77%Poughkeepsie: 78%Red Hook: 64%
Rhinebeck: 89%Saugerties: 83%Shokan: 98%Staatsburg: 83%
Stone Ridge: 100%Tivoli: 37%West Hurley: 100%West Saugerties: 100%

Whether you have an ash tree or another kind of tree, our services at Expert Tree Service can help prolong the life of your tree to avoid having to remove it. Tree trimming can promote healthy growth, while our feeding and cabling services provide your trees with the essential nutrients they require for vitality and resilience. Give us a call at 845-331-6782 to learn more.

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